Open URL in existing Qutebrowser from Emacs Daemon on Gentoo

Published: Sunday, Jul 28, 2019
Last modified: Wednesday, Jun 8, 2022 (0fbd635)

On my Gentoo desktops, I use Emacs Daemon via sys-emacs/emacs-daemon1 to ensure an Emacs instance is ready to go and always available from boot. This is done via creating a symbolic link like /etc/init.d/emacs.winston to /etc/init.d/emacs which will start Emacs for the given user. See the package README for more details.

A shortcoming of this setup is XDG_RUNTIME_DIR2 is not set, as this is set by my Desktop Session - maybe LightDM or consolekit set this? As a result, when I open a URL from Emacs Daemon, it opens a fresh qutebrowser session, loading the saved default session, and making a mess of my workflow.

One approach to fix this might be to instead run Emacs daemon from my .xsession script, but I rather not supervise daemons at the user level; if I were to consider this, I’d be better off to switch to systemd for user-level services anyway.

The solution I came up with is to add some lines to my init.el to ensure XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is set to the expected value:

(defun winny/ensure-XDG_RUNTIME_DIR ()
  "Ensure XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is set. Used by qutebrowser and other utilities."
  (let ((rd (getenv "XDG_RUNTIME_DIR")))
    (when (or (not rd) (string-empty-p rd))
      (setenv "XDG_RUNTIME_DIR" (format "/run/user/%d" (user-uid))))))

(add-hook 'after-init-hook #'winny/ensure-XDG_RUNTIME_DIR)

A strange emacs-ism: (user-uid) returns float or integer, despite the backing uid_t (on *nix) is guarenteed to be an integer type. I’ll just assume this’ll never return a float. Please contact me otherwise, I’d love to hear about this.

  1. ↩︎

  2. XDG Base Directory Specification ↩︎